Hiatal hernia is a condition that occurs within the stomach where the upper part of the stomach bulges through an opening in the diaphragm. According to the National Library of Medicine, approximately 55%- 60% of individuals suffering from hiatal hernias are over 50. This medical condition doesn't always have symptoms and mainly affects women.
This blog will provide in-depth information about hiatal hernia in Anchorage, AK, along with all available treatment and diagnosis options.
When the upper section of your stomach pushes up through your diaphragm into your chest, you have a hiatal hernia. Since the opening is known as a hiatus, this medical condition is also termed a hiatus hernia.
Hiatal hernia can be classified into two categories:
This is the most prevalent kind of hiatal hernia. This medical condition occurs when your stomach and esophagus pass through the hiatus and move into your chest. Sliding hernias are often tiny. Sliding hiatal hernia symptoms seldom occur and may not necessitate treatment.
Also known as para esophageal or strangulated hernia, is a rare type of hiatal hernia. This type of hiatal hernia causes a part of your stomach to push through your diaphragm. The majority of fixed hiatal hernia cases are minor. However, there is a chance that blood flow to your stomach will get obstructed. If this occurs, it has the potential to inflict severe injury and is considered a medical emergency.
Hiatal hernia is a common type that can occur in both sexes and people of all ages. But this mainly occurs in women. This medical condition also has other risk factors, such as:
Hiatal hernia can also occur in people born with abnormally large hiatus.
Doctors are yet to find the real cause behind hiatal hernia. However, some of the known causes include:
Hiatal hernia symptoms rarely occur in people. But you should contact your doctors if:
You should seek immediate medical care if you have the following:
These symptoms can be a sign of a paraesophageal hernia which is a medical emergency.
There are various options available for the diagnosis of hiatal hernia. Your doctor can perform diagnostics techniques that may include the following:
In this method, a patient has to drink a specific liquid, and then an X-ray is taken to help identify abnormalities in the esophagus (such as swallowing difficulties) and stomach (such as ulcers and tumors). It also displays the size of the hiatal hernia and whether there is stomach twisting due to the hernia.
In this method, a tube is sent down the throat to measure the pressure in your esophagus as you swallow. This technique assesses the esophagus's strength and muscle coordination while swallowing.
An endoscopy is a process that involves seeing the inside of the upper digestive tract with an endoscope, which is a long, thin, flexible tool about 1/2 inch in diameter. A camera at the end lets you see inside your esophagus and stomach.
Most of the time, Hiatal hernias don't require any treatment. However, it would help if you treat the various hiatal hernia symptoms that may occur. These symptoms can be treated with lifestyle changes and medications, while you may need surgery.
If you have acid reflux, you will be given hiatal hernia medications that include:
Patients with severe, long-lasting esophageal reflux will need hiatal hernia surgery. These types of surgeries use a method known as laparoscopy. This procedure aims to cure gastroesophageal reflux by constructing a better valve mechanism at the esophageal bottom.
Your doctor will make (5 to 10-millimeter) incisions in your stomach. A laparoscope is inserted via these incisions and delivers images to a monitor, allowing your doctor to look inside your body. These "minimally invasive" techniques include smaller incisions, lower infection risk, less pain and scarring, and quicker recovery times than standard operations.
At Far North Surgery, our highly competent, board-certified surgeons collaborate with other specialists to offer top-grade medical care to our patients. Our surgeon Dr. Madhu Prasad is expertise in performing hernia surgery with desirable outcomes. Contact us to learn more about our latest hernia treatment options.