What Conditions and Disorders Are Treated with Endocrine Surgery?

The endocrine system is a series of glands responsible for developing and releasing certain hormones into your bloodstream to regulate many important body functions and growth. Endocrine surgery is performed to treat the disorders of the endocrine glands.

Some of the endocrine conditions and disorders treated with endocrine surgery include:

Adrenal Gland Disorders

Adrenal glands include two small glands located on top of each kidney. They develop hormones that regulate heart rate, the levels of salt and potassium in the blood, blood pressure, stress response, and sweating. Adrenal gland disorders occur when your adrenal gland develops too little or too many hormones.

Endocrine surgery can treat the following adrenal gland disorders:

  • Conn’s disease
  • Adrenal cancer
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Adrenal incidentaloma
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Adrenal tumors

Genetic mutations, medications, or infections can also cause these disorders.

Pancreatic Disorders

The pancreas is a large gland located below the stomach. It develops hormones such as glucagon, insulin, gastrin, and somatostatin that maintain the salt and sugar balance in your body. Pancreatic disorders occur when the digestive enzymes are activated before they are released into the small intestine.

Some of the pancreatic disorders treated with endocrine surgery include:

  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Gastrinoma
  • Pancreatitis 
  • Insulinoma
  • Paraganglioma

Thyroid Gland Disorders

The thyroid gland is located in your neck, which develops hormones that regulate your body’s growth, metabolism, development, and temperature. Thyroid gland disorders occur when your thyroid gland produces too many or insufficient hormones.

Common disorders of the thyroid gland that can be treated with endocrine surgery include:

  • Graves’ disease
  • Thyroid tumors and nodules
  • Hyperthyroidism 
  • Thyroiditis 
  • Thyroid cancer

Parathyroid Gland Disorders

The parathyroid gland includes four tiny glands located in your neck. They develop parathyroid hormone (PTH) that controls the calcium levels in your body. Parathyroid disorders occur when your bloodstream has abnormal levels of calcium.

The endocrine surgeon will perform the endocrine surgery to treat the following parathyroid disorders:

  • Parathyroid cancer
  • Hyperparathyroidism 
  • Parathyroid adenoma

Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors

These tumors mostly occur in the appendix, small intestines, and rectum and affect the gastrointestinal system’s hormone-releasing cells. They can be surgically treated or removed with hormone therapy, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.

Want to learn more about endocrine surgery? Contact us at 907-276-3676. At Far North Surgery, Dr. Madhu Prasad, a general surgeon in Anchorage, AK, and his team are experienced in successfully treating endocrine disorders.


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Dr. Madhu Prasad, M.D., FACS

Dr. Madhu Prasad has over 30+ years of experience working as a general surgeon and surgical oncologist and providing the highest level of care in Anchorage, Alaska. He believes in providing quality care to patients and their families. Inspired by compassion and humanism, Dr. Prasad and his team work for the well-being of their patients.

Surgery Center of Anchorage

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