Colorectal Surgery: Everything You Need to Know

Colorectal Surgery: Everything You Need to Know

Colorectal surgery is a significant medical procedure that involves treating conditions affecting the colon, rectum, and anus. While it may sound intimidating, understanding its seriousness is crucial for those facing the prospect. Colorectal surgery is often necessary to address concerns like colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or severe infections.

The seriousness of the surgery varies depending on the individual's health, the specific condition, and the chosen surgical approach. Recovery may require time and effort, and there can be associated risks. However, advancements in medical technology and surgical techniques have improved outcomes, making it a more manageable and effective option for many.

Let us discuss colorectal surgery, covering when it is required, its seriousness, and recovery.

What Is Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgeries aim to correct any damage to the lower part of the intestinal tract or diseases affecting it due to malformation, cancer, injuries, infections, or other diseases. Various surgical techniques are available for colorectal surgeries. Your surgeon will collaborate with you to determine the most suitable option based on your health and specific medical condition. While laparoscopic and robotic surgeries have the most minor complications, there are instances where open surgeries involving a large incision in the abdomen are necessary for more complex cases.

What Are the Symptoms of Colorectal Treatment?

You may need colorectal surgery if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Blood in stool
  • Rectal pain
  • Unexplained weight loss or tiredness 
  • Changes to your bowel habits due to diarrhea or constipation
  • Bloating or stomach pain

How Serious Is Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgery comes with potential risks and complications, including:

  • Infections at the Surgery Site: The surgery involves incisions in the gastrointestinal tract, so infection is a significant risk of colorectal surgery.
  • Post-Operative Bleeding: If the incisions for the surgery continue to bleed, it can signal clotting disorders or damage to blood vessels requiring immediate attention.
  • Ileus: It refers to a lack of movement in your intestines due to the use of anesthesia. Anesthesia prevents your bowels from functioning for some time, say, until the surgery is done. Sometimes, it can take longer for your bowels to resume functioning. In such cases, medicines are prescribed to resolve the issue.
  • Anastomotic Leakage: Often, the surgery involves removing the damaged tissue and reconnecting the remaining tissues. If the reconnection does not heal properly, waste products can leak into the abdominal cavity. This is called anastomotic leakage, which can be fatal if not repaired.

What to Expect on the Day of Surgery?

Colorectal surgeries are performed under general anesthesia, either as an open or minimally invasive surgery. The procedure can take several hours, despite the type of surgical technique chosen, and you must stay back in the hospital for a few days.

Upon your arrival at the hospital:

  • Intravenous catheters will be inserted to administer medications during the surgery.
  • A breathing tube will be placed in your throat to assist with respiration while you are sedated.

Following the surgery, you will be transferred to a recovery room. Once your medical team confirms that the effects of anesthesia have worn off and there are no significant complications, you will be moved to a regular inpatient room. You will remain there until you are deemed ready for discharge.

See Also: Everything You Need to Know about Common Postoperative Complications

What Is the Recovery Procedure for Colorectal Surgery?

The duration of your recovery after colorectal surgery depends on the type of surgery you underwent, whether open or laparoscopic. Open surgery requires a more extensive recovery period, typically lasting several weeks. During open surgery, your surgeon will create a sizable incision along the middle of your abdomen. You will be closely monitored to detect any infection or improper healing signs. On the other hand, laparoscopic surgery generally allows for a faster recovery. Instead of one large incision, you will have several smaller ones that need to heal. So, you can resume your normal activities within some days to weeks.

Final Thoughts

Undergoing colorectal surgery is a wise decision to eliminate problems associated with your lower gut. Colorectal surgery has become effortless and more refined with advancements in surgical techniques and technology. However, choose a certified and skilled surgeon who can ensure a safe and successful procedure.

Get High-Quality Colorectal Surgery at Far North Surgery in Anchorage, AK

At Far North Surgical, we provide comprehensive and customized care for patients with colorectal conditions requiring surgery. Our surgeon, Dr. Madhu Prasad, ’s exceptional care and outstanding patient outcomes have earned him the prestigious Best of Anchorage Award. We rely on state-of-the-art facilities and advanced techniques to perform colorectal treatment with the highest possible success rate.

We encourage you to schedule a consultation with our experts to understand your colorectal treatment options. Our team will guide you in finding the most suitable treatment option for your colorectal condition.

Your health is of utmost importance to us, and that’s why we deliver nothing less than the best. Trust in the expertise of our surgeons at Far North Surgery in Anchorage, AK. Contact us today for the best possible medical care for colorectal conditions.

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